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Legal classification    Location & access    Infrastructure    History & management    Settlements and adjacent land-use    Physical environment    Vegetation    Fauna    Research    Threats & constraints    Special attributes

Last updated: 03 Jan 2005

Survey carried out in July 2001.

Legal classification

Class I Protection Forest Reserve (FR)

AreaApprox. 7,508 ha.

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Location & access

The Ulu Telupid FR is situated about 16 km west of Telupid town, along the Telupid-Ranau highway. It covers 7508 ha of land.





History & management

Creation—Ulu Telupid FR was first gazetted in 6/1/1972. It was later regazetted as Class I FR in 14/3/1984.


Management responsibility—Telupid District Forestry Office.


Boundary mattersThe FR boundary was demarcated in 2002. It was well-marked during the survey.


Management plan—None.


Current use—None.


Settlements & adjacent land-use

There are various land uses around the FR. There is a settlement to the northwest (Kg. Kopuron). Small-scale oil palm estates are established to the north, south and west of the FR (see pic UT6).  . Rubber estates and hill paddy cultivation are also found in the south (see pic UT1). 

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Physical environment

TopographyMountainous, with moderate to very steep hills with moderate to very steep slopes. Ridge crests are narrow.


HydrologyInfo will be entered soon.


SoilsMentapok (predominantly), Tapang (scattered near boundary) & Crocker (a patch in the southwest) Associations.

For soil map, click here.

Meteorological data—The nearest met station is at Tampias of which we do not have the analysed data. However, compare with the data from the stations at Merungin, Trusan-Sapi and Tongod.

Map of met. stations    Rainfall map


See current vegetation map here

See natural vegetation map here

See satellite image here

Ulu Telupid FR is largely made up of mixed dipterocarp forest. The reserve is mountainous. About 40% of the FR is medium to good forest and mostly on the upland of the interior part of the FR (see pics UT4, UT11, UT12). On the upland, species like Schima wallichiana can be found. Keruing kobis (Dipterocapus confertus), selangan batu hitam (Shorea artinervosa), Seraya daun mas (Shorea argentifolia), melapi (Shorea agami) are among the common dipterocarp species on the upland.


The FR is very rich in dipterocarp species, growing on slopes and ridges. Species composition does not change very much with decreasing altitude. Another 60 % of the FR, mostly near and around the boundaries is secondary (see pics UT2, UT8, UT9, UT10). This portion is mainly due to illegal logging activities, fire and shifting cultivation (even permanent farms). Illegal fruit orchards and hilly paddy cultivation are found in the north (see pics UT3, UT5, UT9).


  • Click here for a list of dipterocarps encountered during the field survey:

    • Anisoptera sp.

    • Dipterocarpus confertus

    • Dipterocarpus acutangulus

    • Dipterocarpus gracilis

    • Dryobalanops beccarii

    • Dryobalanops lanceolata

    • Hopea beccariana

    • Hopea dryobalanoides

    • Hopea sangal

    • Parashorea malaanonan

    • Parashorea tomentella

    • Shorea agamii

    • Shorea argentifolia

    • Shorea atrinervosa

    • Shorea confusa

    • Shorea domatiosa

    • Shorea fallax

    • Shorea gibbosa

    • Shorea hypoleuca

    • Shorea johorensis

    • Shorea kunstleri

    • Shorea leprosula

    • Shorea leptoderma

    • Shorea macroptera

    • Shorea mecistopteryx

    • Shorea ovalis

    • Shorea parvifolia

    • Shorea pauciflora

    • Shorea seminis

    • Shorea smithiana

    • Shorea superba

    • Shorea venulosa

    • Vatica albiramis

    • Vatica dulitensis

  • Click here for a list of the 10 most common tree species encountered during the field survey:

    • Calophyllum solotrii

    • Dipterocarpus acutangulus

    • Dipterocarpus caudiferus

    • Dipterocarpus confertus

    • Dipterocarpus gracilis

    • Hydnocarpus polypetala

    • Polyalthia spp.

    • Shorea atrinervosa

    • Shorea exelliptica

    • Syzygium spp.


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No survey was done.





Threats & constraints

FireLarge areas of the FR from the southeast to the northeast was burnt in the past. The area is now dominated by pioneer species. 


EncroachmentThe FR is severely disturbed and encroached especially near the boundary. There was evidence of illegal logging inside the FR in the northeast. The barren area on the northeast is probably due to forest clearing and for stumping site (see pics UT7).


Special attributes


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